Eagle Landing Park proposed native plant list.

 

The following is a proposed “approved” list of over 120 native plant species that would be desirable to have in Eagle Landing Park.  Some, such as sword fern, should have several thousand plants of the species while some, such as Fairy slipper, might only have ten or twenty specimens.  Each plant has its place—sun or shade, upland or wetland—but any plant on this list would be expected to have been found in a landscape such as Eagle Landing Park prior to 1850.  (This list is of vascular plants and doesn’t include mosses, lichens, or mushrooms.)  Those with asterisks are already present in the park.  There are hundreds more native species that might have been found in the park before colonization, but the list below is a place to start.  All these relatively common species should be non-controversial and mostly easy to obtain or propagate.  This list could be used as part of an overall Vegetation Management Plan for Eagle Landing Park.

 

 

Scientific Name            Common Name             Plant Family

 

 

 

Abies grandis*

Grand fir

Pinaceae

Acer circinatum*

Vine maple

Aceraceae

Acer glabrum

Douglas maple

Aceraceae

Acer macrophyllum*

Big-leaf maple

Aceraceae

Achillea millifolium

Yarrow

Asteraceae

Achlys triphylla

Vanilla leaf

Berberidaceae

Actaea rubra

 

 

Adenocaulon bicolor

Pathfinder

Asteraceae

Adiantum pedatum*

Maidenhair fern

Polypodiaceae

Allium cernuum

 

 

Alnus rubra*

Red alder

Betulaceae

Alnus sinuata*

Sitka alder

Betulaceae

Amelanchier alnifolia*

Serviceberry

Rosaceae

Anaphalis margaritacea

Pearly everlasting

Asteraceae

 

 

 

Aquilegia formosa

Red columbine

Ranunculaceae

Arbutus menziesii*

Pacific madrone

Ericaceae

Athyrium filix-femina*

Lady fern

Polypodiaceae

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bearberry

Ericaceae

 

 

 

Aruncus Sylvester*

Goatsbeard

Rosaceae

Asarum caudatum

Wild ginger

Aristolochiaceae

Aster subspicatus

 

 

Artemisia suksdorfii

Suksdorf's sagewort

Asteraceae

Betula papyfera*

Paper birch

 

Berberis nervosa*

Cascade Oregongrape

Berberidaceae

Blechnum spicant*

Deer fern

Polypodiaceae

Camassia quamash

Common camas

 

Calypso bulbosa

Fairy slipper

Orchidaceae

Berberis aquifolium*

Tall Oregongrape

Berberidaceae

Boykinia elata

 

 

Carex obnupta*

 

 

Collomia heterophylla*

Varied-leaf collomia

Polemoniaceae

Cirsium edule

Edible thistle

 

Castilleja hispida

Harsh paintbrush

Scrophulariaceae

Ceanothus sanguineus

Redstem ceanothus

Rhamnaceae

Chimaphila umbellata

Pipsissewa

Ericaceae

Circaea alpina

Enchanter's nightshade

Onagraceae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry

Cornaceae

Cornus nuttallii*

Pacific dogwood

Cornaceae

Cornus stolonifera

Red osier dogwood

 

Corylus cornuta*

Hazelnut

Betulaceae

Crataegus douglasii*

Black hawthorn

 

Dicentra formosa*

Bleeding heart

Fumariaceae

Disporum hookeri

Hooker fairy-bell

Liliaceae

Disporum smithii

Smith fairy-bell

Liliaceae

Dodecatheon sp.

Shooting star

 

Dryopteris expansa

Spreading wood-fern

Polypodiaceae

Epilobium angustifolium*

Fireweed

Onagraceae

Epilobium ciliatum*

Purple-leaved willowherb

Onagraceae

Equisetum arvense*

Horsetail

Equisetaceae

Eriophyllum lanatum

Oregon sunshine

Asteraceae

Erythronium oreganum

Giant fawn-lily

Liliaceae

Fragaria chiloensis*

Coastal strawberry

Rosaceae

Fragaria vesca*

Wild strawberry

Rosaceae

Fragaria virginiana

Woods strawberry

Rosaceae

Fritillaria lanceolata

Chocolate lily

Liliaceae

Galium sp.

Bedstraw

Rubiaceae

Gaultheria shallon*

Salal

Ericaceae

Geum macrophyllum*

Large-leaved avens

Rosaceae

Goodyera oblongifolia

Rattlesnake-plantain

Orchidaceae

Heracleum maximum

Cow parsnip

 

Heuchera chlorantha

Alumroot

Saxifragaceae

Impatiens ecalcarata

Spurless touch-me-not

 

Holodiscus discolor*

Ocean spray

Rosaceae

Hydrophyllum tenuipes

Waterleaf

 

Linnaea borealis

Twinflower

Caprifoliaceae

 

 

 

Lonicera hispidula*

California honeysuckle

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera sp.*

Honeysuckle

Caprifoliaceae

Luzula sp.

Woodrush

Juncaceae

Lysichiton americanus*

Skunk cabbage

Araceae

Maianthemum dilatatum

False lily-of-the-valley

Liliaceae

Nemophila parviflora

 

 

Mimulus gutatus

 

 

Montia parvifolia

Streambank spring beauty

Portulacaceae

Montia siberica*

Candyflower

Portulacaceae

Oemlaria cerasiformus*

Indian plum

Rosaceae

Oenanthe sarmentosa

 

 

Oplopanax horridum*

Devil’s club

 

Osmorhiza sp.

Sweet-cicely

Apiaceae

Oxalis oregana

Oregon oxalis

 

Pachistima myrsinites

Mountain box

Celastraceae

Petasites palmatus*

Palmate coltsfoot

 

Philadelphus lewisii

Mock-orange

Hydrangeaceae

Physocarpus capitatus*

Pacific ninebark

Rosaceae

Picea sitchensis*

Sitka spruce

 

 

 

 

Pinus monticola*

Western white pine

Pinaceae

Prunus emarginata*

Bitter cherry

Rosaceae

Polypodium glycyrrhiza*

Licorice fern

Polypodiaceae

Polystichum munitum*

Sword fern

Polypodiaceae

Prunella vulgaris

Self-heal

Lamiaceae

Pseudotsuga menziesii*

Douglas fir

Pinaceae

Pteridium aquilinum*

Bracken

Polypodiaceae

Pyrus fusca*

Pacific crabapple

Rosaceae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhamnus purshiana*

Cascara

Rhamnaceae

Rhododendron macrophyllum*

Western rhododendron

Ericaceae

Ribes bracteosum*

Stink currant

Grossulariaceae

Ribes lacustre*

Prickly currant

Grossulariaceae

Ribes sanguineum*

Red-flowered currant

Grossulariaceae

Rosa gymnocarpa*

Baldhip rose

Rosaceae

Rosa pisocarpa*

Clustered wild rose

Rosaceae

Rosa nutkana

 

 

Rubus leucodermis*

Blackcap

Rosaceae

 

 

 

Rubus parviflorus*

Thimbleberry

Rosaceae

Rubus spectabilus*

Salmonberry

Rosaceae

Rubus ursinus*

Wild blackberry

Rosaceae

Salix scouleriana*

Scouler willow

Salicaceae

Salix sitchensis

Sitka willow

Salicaceae

Sambucus cerulea

Blue elderberry

 

Sambucus racemosa*

Red elderberry

Caprifoliaceae

Satureja douglasii

Yerba buena

Lamiaceae

Sedum oreganum

Oregon stonecrop

 

Sagitaria latifolia

 

 

Shepherdia canadensis

soapberry

 

Sisyrinchium idahoense

Blue-eyed grass

 

Spirea douglasii

 

 

Smilacina racemosa*

False Solomon's seal

Liliaceae

Smilacina stellata

Star-flowered Solomon's seal

Liliaceae

Solidago canadensis

 

 

Stachys cooleyae*

Cooley's hedge-nettle

Lamiaceae

Streptopus amplexifolius

 

 

Symphoricarpos albus*

Common snowberry

Caprifoliaceae

Taxus brevifolia

Pacific yew

 

Tellima grandiflora*

Fringecup

Saxifragaceae

Thuja plicata*

Western red cedar

Cupressaceae

Tiarella trifoliata

Foamflower

Saxifragaceae

Tolmiea menziesii

Youth-on-age

Saxifragaceae

   

 

Trientalis borealis

Northern starflower

Primulaceae

Trillium ovatum*

White trillium

Liliaceae

Tsuga heterophylla*

Western hemlock

Pinaceae

Urtica dioica*

Stinging nettle

Urticaceae

Vaccinium ovatum*

Evergreen huckleberry

Ericaceae

Vaccinium parvifolium*

Red huckleberry

Ericaceae

Vicia americana

 

 

Veronica americana

American brooklime

Scrophulariaceae

Viola glabella

Stream violet

Violaceae

Viola sempervirens

Evergreen violet

Violaceae

 

 

Sources of information:

http://www.wnps.org/plant_lists/exploring_native_plants.html

 

The Flora of Seattle in 1850
Raymond J. Larson, May 25, 2005
University of Washington

 

Plants Of The Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia & Alaska (Paperback)
by Jim Pojar (Compiler), Andy MacKinnon (Compiler)

 

Interview with Stewart Wechsler, Native Plant Steward at Lincoln Park in West Seattle.